Table of Contents
- 1 Plenary 1: Effects of Static and Oscillatory Magnetic Fields on Cryptochromes: A Mechanistic Perspective
- 2 Plenary 2: The International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Draft High Frequency (100 kHz – 300 GHz) Guidelines
- 3 Plenary 3: Exploring Dielectrophoresis and its Applications in the Biomedical Sciences
- 4 Plenary 4: Frontiers of Electroporation, from Mechanisms to Applications
Plenary 1: Effects of Static and Oscillatory Magnetic Fields on Cryptochromes: A Mechanistic Perspective
Talk: “Cryptochrome-based magnetoreception and the effects of RF-fields on animal orientation”
Rachel Muheim is a researcher at Lund University, Sweden, and part of the Lund Vision Group and the Center for Animal Movement Research, CAnMove. Her research focuses on the behavioural and physiological characterization of the light-dependent magnetic compass and polarized light sensitivity in birds, and on stopover behaviour and the use of different orientation cues in migratory birds. Rachel Muheim received a Master’s degree in Zoology from the University of Zürich, Switzerland, and a PhD on magnetic orientation in migratory birds from Lund University. She worked four years as postdoc in the lab of Prof. John Phillips at Virginia Tech, USA, investigating magnetic compass orientation in a variety of organisms, including newts and mice. Upon her return to Lund in 2008, she developed a novel behavioural training assay to study magnetic compass orientation in birds in a non-migratory context. The objectives of her work are to combine the new possibilities that have opened up with this new behavioural approach with the latest molecular genetic, neuroanatomical, and biophysical tools. The goal is to unravel the behavioural, physiological and molecular mechanisms of light-dependent magnetic compass orientation and polarized light sensitivity in birds, identify and describe the interactions between these two sensory cues, and study how birds use the information for orientation during migration and in other spatial orientation tasks.
Talk: “Effects of static and oscillatory magnetic fields on cryptochromes: a mechanistic perspective”
Daniel Kattnig is a Senior Lecturer at the recently established cross-disciplinary Living Systems Institute at the University of Exeter. His current research activity is in the field of quantum biology or, more precisely, theoretical and experimental spin chemistry, an interdisciplinary field dedicated to the effects of weak magnetic fields on chemical reactions and biological processes. The theoretical modelling of avian magnetoreception, which has been hypothesised to rely on quantum phenomena involving transient radical pairs, is at the heart of his current research endeavours. Daniel completed his PhD in Physical Chemistry at the University of Technology Graz, Austria, on studies of photo-induced electron transfer phenomena (Prof. Grampp). It is during this period that he first delved into the study of magnetic field effects on charge recombination reactions. Following a short period in industrial research, Daniel joined the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany, where he focused on the investigation of soft matter by means of pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (Prof. Spiess). Returning to Graz, he took on a research position dedicated to magnetic field effects on donor acceptor systems, which he held until 2013 when he joined the group of Prof. Hore at the University of Oxford. In 2017 Daniel eventually moved to the Living Systems institute at Exeter, where he is setting up a group dedicated to the theoretical and experimental investigation of magnetic field effects.
Plenary 2: The International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) Draft High Frequency (100 kHz – 300 GHz) Guidelines
Rodney Croft is Professor of Health Psychology within the School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, where he leads a bioelectromagnetics research group at the Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute (IHMRI). His doctoral research was in neurophysiology methodology, where he assessed and improved models for accounting for ocular voltage contamination of the electroencephalogram (EEG), followed by postdoctoral work utilizing his EEG expertise to explore the relation between neurochemistry and psychological/psychiatric function. Croft began researching effects of radiofrequency fields on humans in 2000, with the focus on potential detrimental effects on humans using the EEG. His bioelectromagnetics work now includes a range of methodologies, with as the unifying theme an attempt to understand the effect of non-ionizing radiation on human health and well-being. Croft has led Australian government-funded Centres of Research Excellence in this area since 2005, has been on the Main Commission of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) since 2014, and chairs the ICNIRP Project Group developing its new radiofrequency guidelines.
Plenary 3: Exploring Dielectrophoresis and its Applications in the Biomedical Sciences
Ronald Pethig is Emeritus Professor of Bioelectronics at the School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh. He received training in electrical engineering and physical chemistry and has enjoyed many years working with cell biologists and biomedical engineers (e.g., as an adjunct scientist since 1982 at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole; adjunct professor of physiology at the Medical University of Charleston, 1984-88). His main research interest has been the dielectric and electrochemical properties of biological materials, and in particular the development of the electrokinetic method of dielectrophoresis for characterizing and manipulating cells and other bioparticles for biomedical applications. In 2001 he received the Herman P Schwan Award for work in biodielectrics, and in 2017 the Lifetime Achievement Award of the American Electrophoresis Society (AES). Amongst other activities he currently serves as Editor-in-Chief of IET Nanobiotechnology and enjoys beekeeping.
Plenary 4: Frontiers of Electroporation, from Mechanisms to Applications
Talk: “Advances in electroporation and activation of cells by nanosecond stimuli”
Andrei Pakhomov is a Research Professor and an Interim Director of the Center for Bioelectrics. He has broad interest in nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF), from molecular and cellular mechanisms to prospective applications in cancer ablation, deep tissue stimulation, and defibrillation. He leads research on nanoelectropore opening and life cycle, conduction properties, cell stimulation and activation, membrane repair, and cell death mechanisms and pathways. Pakhomov’s lab recently uncovered bipolar cancellation, a phenomenon that challenges existing electroporation paradigms and may enable targeted remote biostimulation. His ongoing research is supported by a multi-university MURI grant from AFOSR and an RO1 grant from NIH.
Talk: “Unraveling new key molecular level aspects using computational chemistry”
Mounir Tarek is a Senior Research Director at the CNRS-Université de Lorraine. His research involves the use of computational chemistry methods to study membranes, proteins, ion channels and membrane transport proteins. Over the last few years, he studied many aspects of electroporation of cell membranes subject to high electric fields. M. Tarek is a founding member and a member of the Scientific Council of the Europeen Associated Laboratory EBAM ‘Pulsed Electric Fields Applications in Biology and Medicine’.